|Bumblebee on goldenrod|
|Trail through goldenrod and little bluestem|
|A few aspens; there are others growing nearby at the edge of the meadow|
|Native little bluestem (Schizachyrium scoparium)|
|Bluebird box on meadow slope|
|Goldenrod (Solidago spp.), boneset (Eupatroium perfoliatum) and native grasses|
The result has been mixed in my opinion. First, I have to admit that I don't know if the "target" birds have returned to the meadows. If they have, they've "voted with their wings" and given the restoration their approval. But, if the birds haven't returned, the project cannot automatically be dubbed a failure because (1) they birds may not have "found" the meadows yet, (2) the habitat may not have developed enough to interest the birds, or (3) the restored field really might not be suitable habitat.
|This section of the meadows almost looks "western," with a big rock and conifers|
In addition, the meadows are small and fragmented. Some meadow-nesting birds seem to need 160 acres of grassland habitat to breed successfully, and these fields are nowhere near that large. Other species, especially species that like brushy habitat, may be the first ones to recolonize the site. To my eye, the habitat looks perfect for birds that like scrubby, brushy habitat.
|Deer exclosure fencing|